Alföldi tanyák és tanyapolitikák a múltban és a jelenben


  • Ágnes Bray
  • Teréz Kovács



This paper provides a historical and economical overview of the way in which scattered farmsteads in the Great Plain have evolved over time, from their rise to their decline. From the end of the 17th century to the middle of the 20th century, these scattered farmsteads played a crucial role in agricultural production. From 1949, the Hungarian Communist Party limited the opportunities for the construction of new buildings to scattered farmsteads, which lead to a sharp population decline: the share of population living on the Great Plain in scattered farmsteads declined from around 30% in 1910 to 6% in 1990. After the system change in the era of new capitalism, scattered farmsteads are no longer places for living and agricultural production only, but have other functions as well, such as rural tourism, leisure, holiday accomodation, gastronomic services, second homes as horse riding.