The Historical Development of the Hungarian Plea Bargain


  • Laura Kelemenné Csontos



plea bargain, agreement, settlement, preparatory session, Hungary, criminal procedure law


The new Criminal Procedure Code entered into force on 1 July
2018. Based on the experience of the last four years, the settlement has not been
popular, but confession at the preparatory session has become favoured.
Hungarian academic literature considers the settlement to be the institution
closest to the American plea bargain. In addition to the two new legal
institutions, the Criminal Procedure Code contains several simplifier options.
Both the previous and the current Criminal Procedure Code provide successful
simplifier tools (e.g., penalty order), however, neither the settlement nor its
predecessor — the waiver of trial — could break through. In my PhD study I
am looking for the answer to why the Hungarian plea bargain cannot break
through, for which purpose I examine the antecedents of the settlement from a
historical point of view. A fundamental shortcoming can be observed: similarly,
to German criminal procedure law, the principle of consensus as a legitimizing
principle is missing from Hungarian criminal procedure. It would be
worthwhile to examine the results that the introduction of the consensus
principle would lead to. In addition, it would be important to examine the
different simplifier institutions in relation to each other, i.e., to which groups of
cases and how they are applied. It is possible that the aim of speeding up
procedures may be reached more conveniently by the authorities by other
simplifier solutions.



Hogyan kell idézni

Kelemenné Csontos, L. (2023). The Historical Development of the Hungarian Plea Bargain. Essays of Faculty of Law University of Pécs, Yearbook of [year], (1).